Forget the fact that he cut off his own ear. Just remember the sunflowers and the other colourful paintings Vincent Van Gogh did. He was a tortured genius and I have learned so much more about the man and artist just by following the “Van Gogh” route in Arles and Saint Remy de Provence.
Van Gogh In Arles And Saint Remy
It is in these two towns in particular where you see Van Gogh’s paintings come alive in Provence and you learn much more about the artist. In Arles, there is a walking route and in Saint-Remy-de-Provence, you take a walk from the centre of town to the Saint-Paul asylum (hospital) where Van Gogh admitted himself.
A. The Artist: Vincent Van Gogh
Vincent Van Gogh was born in 1853 in the Netherlands to a well-to-do Dutch family and religion and art greatly influenced him. His father and grandfather were ministers and three of his brothers were art dealers.
When Vincent was 20 he went to work for an art dealer in London, however, after a couple of years, he decided he was more interested in religion and returned home, hoping to study theology. He wasn’t successful in pursuing this area of education and ultimately became homeless. He was a lost soul who finally found that he enjoyed drawing people and landscapes.
(a) Life In The Netherlands And Paris
Van Gogh studied in Brussels and then worked in the Netherlands. Initially, his paintings were dark—-lots of browns—but then he decided to study colour and for many years continued to develop his drawing and painting skills in Antwerp. During this period he was eating poorly, and drinking and smoking constantly. He had ill health and ongoing arguments with his instructors and at least once was hospitalized before he headed to Paris in 1886.
Van Gogh was close to his brother Theo, who was an art dealer and had a gallery in Montmartre. Theo tried to help Vincent with his connections and they befriended Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Paul Cezanne, and Paul Gaugin. In 1888 Vincent left Paris, exhausted and wanting to live in the south of France where he could possibly start an art colony. He moved to Arles.
(b) Van Gogh’s Life In Arles (1888-1889)
In Arles, Vincent loved the landscape and the light. Many of his paintings have hues of yellow and blue and during his time in Arles he completed over 200 paintings. He rented four rooms in the “Yellow House” for 15 francs a month and used part of the house as his studio.
He invited his friend, painter Paul Gaugin, to live with him and they painted together for a time; however, they also fought constantly. It is said that as a result of a fight with Gaughin in December 1888, and a mental breakdown, Van Gogh sliced off his ear. He was in and out of the hospital and eventually moved to Saint-Remy-de-Provence, where he entered the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum.
B. Following Van Gogh In Arles: The Route
Organization Of The Route
The route that one can follow in Arles takes you to various locations that Van Gogh decided to paint. The city has installed panels at each location to show a replica of the painting that Van Gogh created.
On the ground are markers that help you locate these signposts. It’s wonderful to stand there, in the exact spot that Van Gogh did, and realize that he had a wonderful vision. As you can see in many of these photos, the “real” spot/location just doesn’t compare to the vivid colours that Van Gogh used in his paintings.
Arles Et Vincent Van Gogh Map
You can pick up a map of the Van Gogh route at the Arles tourist office or download an English/French brochure indicating the route and locations here.
Van Gogh Painting Locations In Arles
1. Le jardin de la maison de santé (1889)
- Location: (L’Espace Van Gogh) Place Félix Rey—just northwest of the Office de Tourisme on Boulevard des Lices
- It is one of my favourites, possibly because it looks like little has changed in almost 130 years
2. Terrasse du Café Le Soir (1888)
- Location: 11 Place du Forum
- Another favourite painting of many people. Today the restaurant is called Le Cafe La Nuit, complete with a yellow awning
3. La Nuit Etoilée sur le Rhone(1888)
- Location: where rue de la Martine and rue Marias Jouveau meet
- This is another night time scene that Van Gogh enjoyed. Like Le Cafe Soir, the yellow stars and blue sky are highlighted. It is currently at the Musée d’Orsay in Paris.
4. Les Arènes d’Arles (1888)
- Location: 1 Rond-Point des Arènes
- Les Arènes d’Arles is the focal point in Arles. The amphitheatre was built in 90 AD and used to have gladiators fighting it out as well as chariot races. Today bullfights, concerts, and plays take place here.
Soon after this was painted, Van Gogh cut off his ear. One of the theories is that he witnessed a bullfight where the ear is severed from a bull that has lost a competition. In question is whether this influenced him to do this to his ear as he slowly became more mentally ill.
5. L’escalier du Pont de Trainquetaille (1888)
- Location: 1 Rue du Bac right by the Rhone river
- As you can see, today, the bridge and the walkway are nothing to write home about, but Van Gogh’s painting, with his use of colour makes the whole scene much more satisfying to look at.
6. Le Jardin Public
- Location: Jardin d’été runs along Boulevard des Lices and is right by the tourist office
- Today the gardens are an oasis from the busy city life of Arles. When I was in Arles on a Saturday a very large outdoor market was going on along Boulevard des Lices and Boulevard Georges-Clémenceau. The market runs Wednesdays and Saturdays.
7. La Maison Jaune
- Location: 1 Avenue de Stalingrad, south-east of Place Lamartine
- The “Yellow House” is gone, a casualty of World War II bombings.
C. Van Gogh’s Life In Saint Rémy de Provence (May 1889 – May 1890)
While confined to the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum, Van Gogh did have an art studio there. He continued to paint landscapes, nature scenes, a few portraits, and flowers including The Starry Night and Olive Trees With the Alpilles In The Background which are both at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. During his year at the hospital, he continued to have mental breakdowns.
Following Van Gogh In Saint-Rémy-de-Provence: The Route
- Start: Saint-Remy-de-Provence tourist office (Place Jean Jaurès)
- Finish: The Saint-Paul-de-Mausole Asylum (Avenue Dr Edgar Leroy)
It’s better to walk to the asylum rather than drive the 1-kilometre distance down Avenue Vincent Van Gogh as you will see “Vincent” markers on the ground and panels on the side of the road. These show replicas of his work but are not necessarily where he painted them. Beside each is a quote from a letter Vincent wrote to various individuals such as his mother and brother, Theo.
At the asylum, there is a lovely garden, a recreation of Van Gogh’s room and studio and more panels highlighted in the garden.
D. Auvers-Sur-Oise (May–July 1890)
Vincent Van Gogh spent his remaining years in Auvers-Sur-Oise, 37 kilometres north of Paris, to be closer to his brother Theo and Dr. Gachet, who was a budding artist and doctor to other artists. In July 1890, Van Gogh shot himself in the stomach and died two days later.
Vincent Van Gogh was a post-impressionist painter who lived in poverty and struggled with mental illness. It is not until after he died that he became so famous.
There is a helpful website created by the The Gifted Art foundation in conjunction with the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. http://www.vangoghroute.com You will be able to see the various places in Great Britain, The Netherlands, Belgium, and France where Van Gogh lived and worked.
Van Gogh’s paintings come alive in Provence on the Route In Arles: Free Map
E. Additional Resources About Vincent Van Gogh
1. The Film: Loving Vincent
[The film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category: Best Animated Film (Feature). Well deserved!]
Here’s where you can see some panels and the locations for each in Arles:
Before I get into Van Gogh’s background and the sites in Provence, I thought I’d start off with this quote from Van Gogh which is shown in the movie, “Loving Vincent”. It pretty much sums up how his work affects people today.
“I want to touch people with my art. I want them to say: he feels deeply, he feels tenderly.” —-Vincent Van Gogh
Creating The Film
“Loving Vincent” is a story about painter Vincent Van Gogh but it’s not a usual movie with well-known actors. It’s an animated film that is creatively done. The filmmakers wanted to “recreate” Van Gogh’s paintings into film and the process took four years.
65,000 frames were PAINTED in oil paints and these were then transformed into the “world’s first fully painted feature film”. Every second, 12 canvases were shown. 119 of the paintings were on display at the Noordbrabants Museum between October 2017 and January 2018. You can now see the film on many streaming platforms.
In this film, a young man attempts to deliver Van Gogh’s last letter to his brother Theo and in the process learns about Van Gogh’s life and death.
It’s sad that he never got recognition for his work while he was alive. In fact, he only sold one painting in his lifetime, the “Red Vineyard at Arles”, which now resides in Moscow (Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow). During 8 years of his life, however, he painted over 800 paintings.
2. Where Van Gogh Lived And Worked
There is a helpful website created by The Gifted Art Foundation, in conjunction with the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. You will be able to see the various places in Great Britain, The Netherlands, Belgium, and France where Van Gogh lived and worked. Website: https://www.vangoghroute.com/
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